Do prescribed fires kill wildlife?

Rarely are wildlife directly killed by a prescribed fire. Most wildlife are able to leave an area before it burns. Fossorial species retreat underground as the fire passes. However, there are some species, such as those that are less mobile, that are more susceptible to direct mortality. Generally, reptiles and amphibians are more at risk than mammals or birds. Fire can indirectly impact wildlife either positively or negatively by changing plant community composition and structure.